Scales, including Sourgum scale, can be controlled with horticultural oil. Black tupelo grows up to 20 – 25 meters (66 – 82 ft) tall and has a trunk diameter of 50 – 100 cm. Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. Since it grows natively no farther north than southern Cook County, Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. Its height development ranges from twenty-five to fifty feet and its diam- eter from one to two feet. Afterburner ® tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica 'David Odum'): This cultivar grows 35 feet high and 20 feet wide. The limbs of these trees often deteriorate early, and the decayed holes make excellent dens for squirrels, raccoons, Virginia opossums, as well as nesting sites for honeybees. Family Nyssaceae Genus Nyssa are deciduous trees with ovate leaves colouring brilliantly in autumn; inconspicuous flowers are followed by small, dull purple fruits Details N. sylvatica is a small, slow-growing deciduous tree of elegant, broadly conical habit. [16] It also was used for dipping snuff. The black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) is a deciduous tree that is originally from the United States.It is favored for its brilliant fall foliage and its winter form, which displays attractively dropping branches over time. There are 2 other species in the genus native to South Eastern US, they are the Ogeechee Lime (Nyssa ogeche) and Water Tupelo (Nyssa aquatica), This article primarily focuses on Nyssa silvatica but many points could apply to either of the other species. On Martha's Vineyard, in Massachusetts, this species is called "beetlebung", perhaps for its use in making the mallet known as a beetle, used for hammering bungs (stoppers) into barrels.[6]. Forest tent caterpillar can defoliate the tree in the spring. N. sylvatica - N. sylvatica is a spreading, deciduous tree with glossy dark green leaves turning vivid red, orange or yellow in autumn accompanied by blue-black fruit. In staminate flowers exserted, in pistillate short, often wanting. • Genus – Nyssa • Species – N. sylvatica. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or scarlet that may appear on the same branch. Fruit: Fleshy drupe, one to three from each flower cluster. Delivering reddish-pink growth in spring in rich green in summer, the Wildfire Black Gum is known for its show of color. Needs sheltered site. But it can also grow to become a tall tree in less moist areas. Fruit Amelanchier Apple Blackberry Blackcurrant Blueberry ... Nyssa sinensis is a lovely small tree with large (up to 15 cm long), narrowly ovate leaves which emerge as a bronze colour in spring. Nyssa sylvatica (Sour Gum, Tupelo) $ 179.99. It is claimed to be the most fiery and brilliant of the 'brilliant group' that includes maple, dogwood, sassafras, and sweet gum, as well as various species of tupelo. Nyssa sylvatica - Leaves. Nyssa sylvatica - … The tree is dioecious, and female trees need a male tree in the vicinity for fruit set. caroliniana (Poir.) Its flowers are an important source of honey and its fruits are important to many birds and mammals. It foliage is oval, not unlike beech, changing from green to a fiery red/purple in autumn. You might be used to the fiery autumnal colors that Black Gums are famous for, but the Wildfire Black Gum Tree doesn't just bring those colors to the fall. It has an intricately contorted and twisted grain. gr., 0.6353; weight of cu. Height 20 metres. and fruit. This tree naturally occurs in swampy areas in the eastern regions of North America. Nyssa sinensis 'Inferno' Lovely red new growth coupled with excellent autumn colour. Size. Photo by David J. Stang. The leaves are short-petioled and so have little individual motion, but the branches sway as a whole. The fruit attracts birds and wildlife. It's also an important bee tree for honey. Nyssa sylvatica: Common Name(s) Black tupelo; blackgum: Light and Soil Requirement: Sun to partial shade; prefers moist, well-drained soil; provide shelter from wind. This resistance to splitting led to its use for making mauls, pulleys, wheel hubs, agricultural rollers, bowls, and paving blocks. Family. The stem rises to the summit of the tree in one tapering unbroken shaft, the branches come out at right angles to the trunk and either extend horizontally or droop a little, making a long-narrow, cone-like head. Flowers: May, June, when leaves are half grown. October. Great for flooded or boggy sites. It weighs 40lb per cubic foot and is used for making boxes, soles of shoes, wooden pipes, wheel hubs, veneer etc. Corolla: Petals five, imbricate in bud, yellow green, ovate, thick, slightly spreading, inserted on the margin of the conspicuous disk. Botanical Name Nyssa sylvatica Common Name(s) Black tupelo; blackgum Light and Soil Requirement Sun to partial shade; prefers moist, well-drained soil; provide shelter from wind. Find a local stockist, enter a postcode. Under this classification scheme, the variety sylvatica is the form most often found in the nursery trade. Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. Nyssa sylvatica NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. It is primarily a lowland tree found in low wet woods, bottomlands and pond peripheries, but also can be found on dry rocky wooded slopes and ravines. Greenish-white flowers appear in spring and fruit matures to a dark blue in the fall. I also like the silvery bark in the winter. Suitable Substitutions for Nyssa sylvatica. Cornaceae. Nyssa sylvatica - Fruit. It commonly grows in both the creek bottoms of the southern coastal plains, to altitudes of about 900 meters (3,000 feet) in the Southern Appalachians. Fruit ripens ripens in late September as leaves are changing color. Nyssa bicolor is very similar and often confused with Nyssa sylvatica. Fruit for wildlife. Stone more or less ridged. Foliage. [4], While these trees are often known as simply "tupelo", the fuller name, black tupelo, helps distinguish it from the other species of the tupelo genus Nyssa, some of which have overlapping ranges, such as water tupelo (N. aquatica) and swamp tupelo (N. biflora). In Appalachia, the frequent variant is Nyssa sylvatica var. Fruit Type: Tupelo: Genus: Nyssa: Plant Form: Plant: height of plant and pot size: 8-10cm tall starter plant in a 7cm pot: Type: Plants: SHIPPING TO THE EU: All shipped as normal, with a free plant passport. Nyssa sylvatica. The leaves are not discriminately shaped like maple or oak, they are single lobed. sylvatica April-June Sept-Oct Sept-Nov N. sylvatica late March- var. Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica One of the most attractive native trees around. ft., 39.59. Flowers small, unisexual, both sexes often occurring on the same tree. Nyssa sylvatica - Habit, Fall Interest. Nyssa sylvatica 'Wildfire' Wildfire Black Gum. typica Fern. This eventually produces a broad, ovoid, almost round crown. The name "tupelo" is used primarily in the American South; northward and in Appalachia, the tree is more commonly called the black gum or the sour gum, although no part of the plant is particularly gummy. Nyssa sylvatica's genus name, Nyssa, refers to a Greek water nymph;[3] the species epithet sylvatica refers to its woodland habitat. A native to the eastern U.S., Black Gum is noted for its outstanding and consistent fall red color. Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. This … Also notice that the tree has many little black fruits in the fall, and a brilliant reddish colored leaf when the leaves change colors. Flowers small, unisexual, both sexes often occurring on the same tree. When the plant is young, it has a pyramidal shape, and it becomes more oval as the tree grows. Nyssa sylvatica, also known as tupelo or the Black Gum Tree is a ornamental conical slow growing medium sized tree with horizontal branches. Mature Spread: 25 to 30 ft. Because of this, it is fairly uncommon in cultivation and the nursery trade. Stamens: Five to twelve. It received its AGM in 1993. Grows best on well-drained, light-textured soils. Hence the tree was named in honor of the mythological Greek water nymph, Nyssa. Black Gum - Nyssa sylvatica Tupelo Family (Nyssaceae) Introduction: From waxy spring foliage and brilliant fall color to beautiful winter form, the black gum shows great ornamental value. The fruit is up to 15mm in diameter and is borne in small clusters of 2 - 3. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or scarlet that may appear on the same branch. [3] Both of these names contrast it with a different tree species with a broadly overlapping range, the sweet gum (Liquidambar styraciflua), which does produce an aromatic resin. Sp. Blackgum has dense foliage, brilliant red fall color, and small blue-black fruit attractive to wildlife. A handsome tree with rich scarlet, orange and yellow colours in autumn. Nyssa sylvatica var. Nyssa sylvatica is a splendid shade tree with a pyramidal habit and famous vibrant autumn color. Black Tupelo Tree (Nyssa sylvatica) Supplied height 90cm - 200 cm, 2-3 years old. It is the longest living non-clonal flowering plant in Eastern North America, capable of obtaining ages of over 650 years. Blackgum1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Sourgum is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk (Fig.